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The Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids has an active litigation program, participating in tobacco control cases in state and federal courts. In state courts, the Campaign generally appears as amicus curiae (“friend of the court”) defending state and local tobacco control measures against industry legal attack. These amicus briefs are typically joined by local, state, and national medical, public health, and community organizations.


2019 Flavored E-Cigarette Rules

Amicus Briefs Filed by Tobacco-Free Kids

Slis et al v. Michigan et al. and A Clean Cigarette Corporation v. Michigan et al. (Michigan Court of Appeals, 2020) 
Case Details: Nos. 351211, 351212, 956 N.W.2d 569, 332 Mich. App. 312 (Mich. Ct. App. 2020)
Key Documents: Michigan Supreme Court amicus brief (August 5, 2020), Michigan Supreme Court amicus brief (October 25, 2019), Michigan Court of Appeals amicus brief (February 3, 2020), Michigan Court of Appeals amicus brief (October 25, 2019), Michigan Court of Appeals amicus brief (October 4, 2019), Michigan Court of Claims amicus brief (October 7, 2019), Court of Appeals decision

In an effort to combat the youth vaping crisis, in late 2019, the Michigan Department of Health promulgated emergency rules prohibiting the sale of flavored e-cigarettes. E-cigarette retailers sued to challenge the rules. Tobacco-Free Kids, joined by the Michigan Chapter of the American Academy of Pediatrics, filed six amicus briefs, in three different Michigan courts, opposing a preliminary injunction against the emergency rule and then seeking to overturn the injunction once it was issued. Ultimately, a Michigan Court of Appeals affirmed the lower court’s grant of a preliminary injunction preventing the State from enforcing the rules. The Court held that Plaintiffs were likely to prevail on their claim that the State was required to promulgate the rules through its normal processes, not its emergency process. The State later dropped its plans to permanently adopt these rules.

Vapor Technology Association et al. v. Cuomo et al. (New York Supreme Court, 2020) 
Case Details: No. 906514-19, 118 N.Y.S. 3d 397, 66 Misc. 3d 800 (Supp. Ct. N.Y. 2020)
Key Documents: Amicus brief

In New York, a state trial court enjoined an emergency rule prohibiting the manufacture, sale, and possession of most flavored e-liquids as beyond the authority of the State Health Department. In March 2020, Tobacco-Free Kids filed an amicus brief, with local, state and national public health groups, supporting reversal of the trial court ruling. However, while briefing of the appeal was continuing, New York State passed legislation in April banning the sale of flavored vaping products, thus accomplishing the public health objectives of the emergency rule. Consequently, the State Department of Health allowed the emergency rule to expire, the lawsuit was rendered moot, and the parties agreed to a dismissal.

Vapor Technology Association et al. v. Washington State Board of Health et al. (Washington Court of Appeals, 2020)
Case Details: No. 19-2-05196 (Thurston County), No. 54358-3-II (Wash. Ct. App.)
Key Documents: Amicus brief

In Washington State, a state trial court denied a preliminary injunction against the Washington Board of Health’s rule prohibiting the sale of flavored e-cigarette products. When that decision went up on appeal, Tobacco-Free Kids filed an amicus brief supporting the rule as within the authority of the State Board of Health. However, the emergency rule expired before the Court of Appeals could rule. 

 

State Taxes on Cigarettes

Amicus Briefs Filed by Tobacco-Free Kids

Naifeh et al. v. Oklahoma (Oklahoma Supreme Court, 2017)
Case Details: No. 116102, 2017 OK 63, 400 P.3d 759 (2017)
Key Documents: Amicus brief, Court decision

The State of Oklahoma passed legislation significantly raising fees levied on cigarettes. The law was immediately challenged in a lawsuit brought by cigarette companies, alleging that the legislation was a “bill for raising revenue,” requiring a super-majority vote in the legislature under the Oklahoma Constitution. The State argued that the bill was passed primarily as a public health measure to raise the price of cigarettes and thus discourage consumption, not as a revenue-raising measure. Tobacco-Free Kids and other public health groups filed an amicus brief supporting the State’s position. Our brief argued that the public health community was the major proponent of the bill, advocating it as a public health measure. However, the Oklahoma Supreme Court held that the bill was a revenue-raising measure that had not received the constitutionally mandated super-majority, and thus struck down the legislation.      

 

State Preemption of Local Tobacco 21 Laws

Dwagfys Mfg., Inc. et al. v. Topeka (Kansas Supreme Court, 2018)
Case Details: No. 119,269, 309 Kan. 1336, 443 P.3d 1052 (2019)
Key Documents: Amicus brief, Court decision

Tobacco-Free Kids filed an amicus brief in the Kansas Supreme Court supporting Topeka’s appeal of a lower court ruling striking down the City’s ordinance that raised the minimum age for sale of tobacco products from 18 to 21. The lower court had held that the local ordinance was preempted by state law that set the minimum age at 18, despite a State Attorney General opinion that state law had no preemptive effect. Our brief, filed with the Greater Kansas City Chamber of Commerce and eighteen national, state and local public health and medical organizations, presented the evidence of the public health importance of allowing local jurisdictions to raise the minimum age as a way of reducing youth addiction to tobacco products. The Kansas Supreme Court reversed the lower court, concluding that state law does not preempt the Topeka minimum sales age ordinance.

RPF Oil Co. v. Genesee County et al. (Michigan Court of Appeals, 2019)
Case Details: No. 344735, 17-109107-CZ, 330 Mich. App. 533 (2019)
Key Documents: Court of Appeals amicus brief, Trial Court amicus brief, Court of Appeals decision

Tobacco-Free Kids filed amicus briefs in a Michigan trial court and Michigan Court of Appeals supporting a Genesee County Health Department regulation that would prohibit the sale of tobacco to persons under the age of 21 (Tobacco 21 regulation). The lawsuit was brought by a Plaintiff that owned and operated convenience stores in Genesee County, arguing that the Tobacco 21 regulation was preempted by Michigan’s Age of Majority Act (AMA). Our brief, joined by a broad coalition of public health groups, emphasized the public health importance of raising the sales age to 21. The Michigan Court of Appeals ruled 3-0 that the regulation raising the age for tobacco sales to 21 was preempted by the AMA.

 

Updated Jan. 13, 2023