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Tobacco Consumption

  • Among Indonesian adults (age 15+) 33.8% use tobacco, including nearly two thirds of men (men 62.9%; women 4.8%).1
  • 19.2% of youth (ages 13–15) use tobacco (boys 35.6%; girls 3.5%).2
  • 18.8% of youth smoke, and 1% use smokeless tobacco.
  • Clove-flavored cigarettes called kreteks are the most widely consumed type of cigarette in Indonesia, representing about 95% of the cigarette market.3

Secondhand Smoke Exposure

  • More than half (51.3%) of all adults who work indoors are exposed to secondhand smoke at the workplace. 85.4% are exposed at restaurants and 70% on public transportation. 4
  • 66.2% of youth (ages 13-15) are exposed to secondhand smoke in enclosed public places, and 57.3% are exposed to secondhand smoke at home.2

Health Consequences

  • In Indonesia, tobacco kills about 266,000 people annually. About 45,000 of these deaths are due to secondhand smoke exposure.5
  • Tobacco causes nearly a quarter (24.3%) of adult male deaths and 6.3% of adult female deaths (16.2% of deaths overall).5
  • Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in Indonesia, and about 21.9% of cardiovascular deaths in the country are attributable to tobacco.5

Tobacco Industry

Indonesia is the second largest cigarette market in the world by retail volume. As of 2018, major tobacco companies in Indonesia included Philip Morris International subsidiary HM Sampoerna with 28.3% of the cigarette market share by volume (Philip Morris Indonesia holds an additional 4.8%), British American Tobacco subsidiary Bentoel Group with 7%, and domestic companies Gudang Garam with 25.2%, Djarum with 12.7%, and Nojorono Tobacco Indonesia with 4.2%. In 2018, 307.1 billion cigarettes were sold in Indonesia.5

FCTC Status

Indonesia is the only WHO member state in Southeast Asia that has not ratified the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. A 2009 national health law designates tobacco as an addictive substance.

Tobacco Control Policy Status

For a summary of smoke-free, advertising and promotion, packaging and labeling, and taxation and price measures, download the Indonesia Tobacco Control Policy Status fact sheet. For more information visit the Tobacco Control Laws website.

1 Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas) 2018, Ministry of Health of Indonesia.
2 Indonesia Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) 2019. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
3 Zheng R, Marquez PV, Ahsan A et al. Cigarette affordability in Indonesia: 2002-2017. World Bank. 2018.
4 Indonesia Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 2011. Available from:
5 Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2017. Seattle, WA: Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), University of Washington; 2020.
6 Euromonitor International, 2019

Last updated August 5, 2020