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Tobacco Consumption

  • Among Indonesian adults (age 15+), 64.9% of men and 2.1% of women smoke tobacco.1
    • 3.9% of men and 4.8% of women use smokeless tobacco.
  • 20.3% of youth Among youth (ages 13-15) use tobacco (boys 36.2%; girls 4.3%).2
    • 19.4% of youth smoke, and 2.1% use smokeless tobacco.
  • Among youth who have ever smoked, 19.8% first tried a cigarette before age 10, and nearly 88.6% first tried one by age 13.2
  • The majority of smokers in Indonesia (88.4%) smoke kreteks, clove-flavored cigarettes.3

Secondhand Smoke Exposure

  • More than half (51.3%) of all adults who work indoors are exposed to secondhand smoke at the workplace. 85.4% are exposed at restaurants and 70% on public transportation.3
  • 60.1% of youth (ages 13-15) are exposed to secondhand smoke in public places, and 57.3% are exposed to secondhand smoke at home.2

Health Consequences

  • Smoking kills at least 214,000 people each year in Indonesia.4
  • Smoking causes approximately 19% of adult male deaths and 7% of adult female deaths each year.4

Tobacco Industry

Indonesia is the second largest cigarette market in the world by retail volume. Major tobacco companies in Indonesia include Philip Morris International with 34% of the total cigarette market share by volume, Gudang Garam with 23%, Djarum with 13%, and British American Tobacco with 7%, and Nojorono Tobacco Indonesia with 5%. In 2016, over 316 billion cigarettes were sold in Indonesia.5

FCTC Status

Indonesia is the only WHO member state in Southeast Asia that has not ratified the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. A 2009 national health law designates tobacco as an addictive substance.

Tobacco Control Policy Status

For a summary of smoke-free, advertising and promotion, packaging and labeling, and taxation and price measures, download the Indonesia Tobacco Control Policy Status fact sheet. For more information visit the Tobacco Control Laws website.

1 Basic Health Research (RISKEDAS) 2013 . National Institute of Health Research and Development, Ministry of Health Indonesia.
2 Indonesia Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 2014.
3 Indonesia Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 2011. Available from: tobacco/global/gtss/gtssdata/index.html.
4 Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2013. Seattle, WA: Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), University of Washington; 2015.
5 Euromonitor International

Last updated Sept. 22, 2017