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Tobacco Consumption

  • 35.3% of all adults (age 15+) use any tobacco products (men 46.0%; women 25.2%).1
    • 18.0% smoke tobacco (men 36.2%; women 0.8%)
    • 20.6% of adults use smokeless tobacco (men 16.2%; women 24.8%)
  • Bidis are cheaper, handmade cigarettes that are popular among the poor in Bangladesh. Over a quarter of Bangladeshi adult smokers (5.0% of adults overall) consume bidis.1
  • Among youth (ages 13–15), 6.9% use tobacco in any form (boys 9.2%; girls 2.8%).2
    • 2.9% currently smoke tobacco (boys 4.0%; girls 1.1%)
    • 4.5% use smokeless tobacco products (boys 5.9%; girls 2.0%)

Secondhand Smoke Exposure

  • 42.7% of adults who work indoors are exposed to secondhand smoke in the workplace, 49.7% of those who visit restaurants are exposed there, and 44.0% of adults who use public transport are exposed while on it.1
  • 59.0% of youth (ages 13–15) are exposed to secondhand smoke in public places and 31.1% of youth are exposed to secondhand smoke at home.2

Health Consequences

  • Over 113,000 people die in Bangladesh each year from tobacco-related causes. Around 23,000 of these deaths are due to secondhand smoke exposure.3
  • Among Bangladeshi men aged 25–69:4
    • A quarter of all deaths were attributable to smoking in 2010
    • Smoking-attributable deaths represent about 30% of all deaths from vascular disease, 38% from all cancers, 35% from pulmonary tuberculosis, and over 24% of deaths from other respiratory diseases
  • Each year, there are about 1.2 million cases of tobacco-attributable illness.5

Tobacco Industry

The two major tobacco companies in Bangladesh include British American Tobacco, which holds 62% of the cigarette market by volume, and Dhaka Tobacco Industries (under Akij Group), with 21.3% of the cigarette market. Philip Morris International distributes its products in Bangladesh through Dhaka Tobacco Industries. Smaller domestic companies include Abul Khair Tobacco and Nasir Tobacco. In 2017, 88.9 billion cigarettes were sold in Bangladesh.6

FCTC Status

Bangladesh ratified the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) on June 14, 2004. The treaty went into effect on February 27, 2005.

Tobacco Control Policy Status

For a summary of measures on smoke-free places, advertising and promotion, packaging and labeling, and taxation and price, download the Bangladesh Tobacco Control Policy Status fact sheet. For more information visit the Tobacco Control Laws website.

1 Bangladesh Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) 2017.
2 Bangladesh Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) 2013.
3 Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2017. Seattle, WA: Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), University of Washington; 2019. Available from http://vizhub.healthdata.org/gbd-compare/.
4 Alam DS et al. Smoking-attributable mortality in Bangladesh: proportional mortality study. Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 2013 October;91(10):717-796.
5 Impact of Tobacco-related Illnesses in Bangladesh. New Delhi: WHO Regional Office for South-East Asia; 2007.
6 Euromonitor International, 2018.

Last updated Feb. 12, 2019