CDC, "State-Specific Smoking-Attributable Mortality and Years of Potential Life Lost – United States, 2000-2004," (MMWR) 58(2), January 22, 2009. U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Sustaining State Programs for Tobacco Control, Data Highlights, 2006 (and underlying CDC data/estimates); Adult smoking from CDC 2011 BRFSS; youth smoking from state YRBS, YTS, or other state-specific surveys.
New underage daily smoker estimate based on data from U.S. Dept of Health and Human Services (HHS), “Results from the 2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health,” with the state share of national initiation number based on CDC data on future youth smokers in each state compared to national total.
CDC, "State-Specific Prevalence of Cigarette Smoking Among Adults, and Children's and Adolescents' Exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke - United States, 1996," Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) 46(44): 1038-1043, November 7, 1997.
DiFranza, J. & J. Librett, "State and Federal Revenues from Tobacco Consumed by Minors," American Journal of Public Health (AJPH) 89(7): 1106-1108, July 1999; Cummings, et al., "The Illegal Sale of Cigarettes to US Minors: Estimates by State," AJPH 84(2): 300-302, February 1994.
CDC, Data Highlights 2006 [and underlying CDC data/estimates; CDC's STATE System average annual smoking attributable productivity losses from 1997-2001 (1999 estimates updated to 2004 dollars); CDC, "State-Specific Smoking-Attributable Mortality and Years of Potential Life Lost – United States, 2000-2004," (MMWR) 58(2), January 22, 2009. See also, Zhang, X., et al., "Cost of Smoking to the Medicare Program, 1993," Health Care Financing Review 20(4): 1-19, Summer 1999; Office of Management & Budget, The Budget for the United States Government - Fiscal Year 2000, Table S-8, January 1999; Leistikow, B., et al., "Estimates of Smoking-Attributable Deaths at Ages 15-54, Motherless or Fatherless Youths, and Resulting Social Security Costs in the United States in 1994," Preventive Medicine 30(5): 353-360, May 2000. CDC, "Medical Care Expenditures Attributable to Smoking -- United States, 1993," MMWR 43(26): 1-4, July 8, 1994.
U.S. Department of the Treasury, The Economic Costs of Smoking in the U.S. and the Benefits of Comprehensive Tobacco Legislation, 1998; F.J. Chaloupka & K.E. Warner, "The Economics of Smoking," in J. Newhouse $ A. Culyer (eds), The Handbook of Health Economics, 2000; CDC, Making Your Workplace Smokefree: A Decision Maker's Guide, 1996; D. Mudarri, The Costs and Benefits of Smoking Restrictions: An Assessment of the Smoke-Free Environment Act of 1993 (H.R. 3434), U.S. EPA report to the Subcommittee on Health & the Environment, Committee on Energy and Commerce, U.S. House of Representatives, April 1994; Hall, J. R., Jr., National Fire Protection Association, The U.S. Smoking-Material Fire Problem, April 2001; National Cancer Institute, Health effects of exposure to environmental tobacco smoke, 1999, op cit.
U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC), Cigarette Report for 2009 and 2010 and Federal Trade Commission Smokeless Tobacco Report for 2009 and 2010. State total a prorated estimate based on cigarette pack sales in state. For tobacco marketing influence on youth, see Pollay, R., et al., "The Last Straw? Cigarette Advertising and Realized Market Shares Among Youths and Adults," Journal of Marketing 60(2):1-16, April 1996; Evans, N., et al., "Influence of Tobacco Marketing and Exposure to Smokers on Adolescent Susceptibility to Smoking," Journal of the National Cancer Institute 87(20): 1538-45, October 1995; Pierce, J.P., et al., "Tobacco Industry Promotion of Cigarettes and Adolescent Smoking," Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) 279(7): 511-505, February 1998 [with erratum in JAMA 280(5): 422, August 1998]. See, also Campaign factsheets, Increased Cigarette Company Marketing Since the Multistate Settlement Agreement Went into Effect and Tobacco Marketing to Kids