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Heated tobacco products (HTPs) were first launched in Japan at the end of 2014 and are now available in at least 64 countries or jurisdictions.1 Follow this link for more information on HTPs, brands, and the global HTP market. A detailed description of the tobacco excise taxation system for heated and conventional cigarettes is available for each country. To access a country’s description and sources, go to the “Excise Tax Gap” tab, click on a country, then follow the link at the bottom of the box.  

HTPs use an electronic device to heat a pod or stick of compressed tobacco (by definition, a cigarette), producing an aerosol for the user to inhale. Heated cigarettes and pods are sold in packs and positioned as comparable to a leading conventional cigarette brand (e.g., Philip Morris International’s heated cigarette HEETS, used with the global market leader IQOS, is co-branded with Marlboro in some markets).2 Although heated cigarettes and pods are often priced similarly to conventional cigarettes, many countries subject HTPs to a much lower excise tax. As a result, HTPs tend to bear a smaller tax burden than conventional cigarettes, reducing the amount of potential revenue that governments could collect if heated cigarettes and pods were taxed the same way as conventional cigarettes.

Taxing tobacco products to make them expensive is the most effective way to prevent non-users from starting and to spur users to quit. As HTPs and conventional cigarettes are both harmful, governments should discourage their use and promote public health by imposing high and equivalent excise taxes on both, which increase price and reduce affordability. The Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids developed this interactive tool to help technical experts/researchers, government policymakers, and advocates compare excise tax on heated cigarettes to excise tax on conventional cigarettes in 65 countries, jurisdictions, and provinces across the world, as of October 2020. These maps illustrate how differences in taxation impact relative prices. Such differences eventually affect government revenue from total tobacco excise taxes.



Tax Gap

For most countries, unless otherwise mentioned on the country’s page, the maps use price and tax information for Philip Morris International’s HEETS (the most sold brand of heated cigarettes worldwide) and its comparable brand of conventional cigarettes, Marlboro. See Methodology for more information.


Use the tabs on this map to compare the excise tax burdens on HTPs with those on conventional cigarettes in each country, as well as to compare the 'excise tax gaps' that result from these differences. When using these maps to assess a country’s tax system, the tax gap, tax burdens, and price levels should be considered together. Excise taxes on conventional cigarettes and HTPs should be both equivalent and high, to discourage youth initiation and reduce consumption by current users. Compare the price and the excise tax for a pack of 20 conventional cigarettes with those for an equivalent pack of heated cigarettes across countries, in both local currency and international dollars ($PPP).  Visit the glossary for more detailed definitions of the terms used in this map.

The maps and corresponding data are current as of October 2020. Please note that these maps only account for excise taxation of heated cigarettes. They do not reflect taxation of heating devices. For more information about a country's current tobacco tax system, heating device taxation, and related web links, simply click the link in the country comments. For information about previous years, methodology, or other additional details, contact us at globalresearch@tobaccofreekids.org.




1 Philip Morris International. 2020 4th Quarter Results. February 4, 2021. 

2 Philip Morris International. Investor information – July 2020. Accessed Oct 27, 2020.